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Many parents have doubts about the ideal time to start literacy. Will my child be ready to learn to read? Or will it be too small? And while it is true that in most schools children already know how to read at the age of 5-6, it is not advisable to force a child if he is not yet ready.
The big question is how do I know if my child is really ready to read? We explain, through 8 basic conditions or requirements, how to know if a child is ready to learn to read.
Each child follows their own maturation rhythm, and although the most normal thing is that at school they try to teach them to read from the age of 4-5, a child is not always ready at that age. Or it may be before. To know if a child is really ready to learn to read, these 8 basic conditions must be met:
- Good eye-hand coordination. The child must have a good development of movements, especially the development of hand-eye coordination. This is the cognitive ability to carry out coordinated movements involving both the sense of sight and the psychomotor skills of the hand.
- Good motor development. Your child must move with agility, without constant stumbling or falling. Once you have developed the motor apparatus, you can focus on other activities such as literacy, which requires peace of mind and psychological concentration.
- Have a good vocabulary base. To learn to read, the child should already speak fluently, with a good vocabulary, because if not, he will have many reading comprehension problems and will not find reading stimulating. By not understanding most of the words you read, you will lose interest and reject learning to read.
- Know how to listen. Reading implies knowing how to listen. Because once you read, you listen to yourself while you read. If you also help him by reading with him, he should understand what he is listening to. Knowing how to listen implies concentration.
- Development of a correct lateralization. This is a process of maturation of the nervous system, by which a preference of the brain to use a part of the body to carry out certain activities is detected. That is, it is when the child begins to clearly show whether he is right-handed or left-handed.
- It has a greater spatial orientation. The child is already able to maintain the orientation not only of his body, but that of other objects. It is related to the development of laterality and psychomotor development. It is the moment in which the child, for example, is able to differentiate the right from the left, up and down, behind or in front ...
- Motivation. Without motivation you don't learn. When the child shows an interest in reading, it will be the ideal time to start literacy. Nothing like a child motivated to quickly acquire new knowledge. Of course, you can also encourage and motivate him to get excited about reading.
- Play. The best learning method for children is play. When the child is willing to learn through different games or literacy strategies, and does not show boredom or disinterest, you can be totally convinced that he is ready.
Remember that learning to read it is a slow process and patience is required. It depends on the maturation of the child and is something that should never be accelerated.
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