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Proprioception is the sense through which we can know the location of each of the parts of our body in space, even if we are not able to see them.Learn about the importance of proprioception for child development.
Proprioception intervenes in actions as important as the control and coordination of movements, balance, automatic adjustment of postures, manual functions, measurement of the force of contraction necessary to grasp objects, orofacial movements, maintenance of the alert level of the nervous system and its influence on behavior.
We are able to make the necessary adjustments in each gesture, thanks to the action of receptors called proprioceptors, which we find in the joints, muscles, tendons, and in the ear. They respond to traction and compression stimuli and constantly send information to the brain in order to carry out movements in the most precise way.
Proprioception is lost with injuries and immobilizations. If we do not have a good proprioception, there will be more risk of injury and we can find sensory processing problems that are common in children.
They are boys who, for example, apply too much pressure when they pick up a pencil, sometimes breaking a sheet of paper because they squeeze too much, they can harm others without meaning to because they don't calculate the force they exert well, they are clumsier than other children they fall more, they are slower, more rigid, or very soft, sometimes they need stimuli to calm down such as sucking their thumb, or biting something, they move constantly ...
In these cases there may also be an altered level of alert. Many of the so-called "hyperactive" have this type of dysfunction. They are constantly on the move because your system needs it. The latest approaches in this area include putting them in a school chair with a built-in bottom bracket so they can channel their energy and pay more attention, carrying their backpacks on their back (as feeling the weight helps them relax), playing quick games balance and coordination before class ...
In many of these cases, children present active reflexes, which should have already disappeared depending on their age. The specialist physiotherapist will work on these integrating them thus allowing a better development.
Physiotherapists work on proprioception by performing exercises that stimulate pressure, coordination, weight and balance.
Actions such as massaging, caressing yourself with fabrics of different textures, doing a relaxation activity with your eyes closed, trying to focus attention on each part of the body, hopping, climbing, hanging, playing dragging and pushing things, performing soap bubbles, fill balloons, do different movements with your eyes closed (squats, walk backwards ...), play with play dough or clay making figures, use finger paints, tunnel boxes or clothes and have them crawl under it, going up and down inclined planes, stairs, doing circuits with obstacles ...
We use materials such as foam rubber churros, yoga blocks, benches, balls, bosus, boards, elastics, scooters, mats ...
If you want to work on proprioception with your children, you just need a little imagination, it is also a lot of fun.
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