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Some children manifest from an early age trouble speaking or writing well. In the case of speech, the problem is not usually confirmed and diagnosed until approximately 3 years. As for writing, it is usually expected until 6-7 years.
There can be different disorders in the development of speech and writing, from a difficulty to pronounce specific phonemes to a problem to translate words into written form. Discover here the 6 most common language disorders in childhood.
From a problem to pronounce the letter 'R' to a confusion with some consonants when writing ... There are many language disorders, that affect speech and writing. In most of these cases, the child needs the help of a speech therapist and the practice of specific exercises to solve the problem. Here are the 6 most common language disorders in childhood:
1. Dyslexia. It is a written language disorder. It manifests itself through difficulty in reading and writing. The child confuses some letters and cannot read the words correctly. Sometimes it also results in a problem speaking. All this makes the child tired in class, bored, lose interest and concentration and fear to read in public, which causes a loss of self-esteem.
2. Dysphasia. In this case, the child's difficulty is with speech. It is difficult for him to construct sentences and he cannot express his thoughts correctly. It may be related to a brain injury in the speech-related area of the brain. Many children with dysphasia are not able to understand what they are saying and when they speak, they cannot find the right words. This problem leads to a developmental delay. They have poorer vocabulary and more trouble memorizing.
3. Dyscalculia. It is a disorder related to mental math. The child has trouble counting and doing simple and complex operations with numbers. The main symptom is the child's problem with mathematics. Despite trying again and again, he is unable to understand and perform very simple operations. Or they are not able to understand the concept of 'greater than' and 'less than' ...
4. Dysorthography. As much as the child internalizes and learns the spelling rules, he is unable to save spelling mistakes. And this is related to a laterality problem, which also leads him to confuse the right with the left, up with down or in front and behind ... Another of the symptoms of this disorder is the change of one letter for another when writing because they are very similar when pronounced, or they simply omit or add letters that should not be there.
5. Dyspraxia. It is about the difficulty to coordinate movements, to capture actions of psychomotor ability, such as tying shoelaces or drawing. It is a brain condition that can affect the development of the gross motor apparatus, and also areas of the body such as the hands, feet or mouth and the movement of the tongue. They are usually very intelligent children but who seem 'clumsier' when it comes to making movements or even when speaking and writing.
6. Dysgraphia. This is a child's difficulty with writing. The problem is that the child is not able to put the words on paper correctly. Nor is he able, for example, to spell words when he writes. They are unable to hold the pen well and get tired quickly when they write.
Language disorders respond to cognitive problems and hinder children's development and learning. In fact, it can have a great impact on school learning. Therefore, when faced with any symptom of difficulty with speech or writing, it is always best to consult with the pediatrician if it is convenient to refer the case to a speech therapist or a neuropediatrician (depending on the disorder).
You can read more articles similar to 6 language disorders in childhood, in the Language category - On-site speech therapy.