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From birth to 3 months of life, breastfeeding is recommended as the only food for babies. In the event that this is not possible, there are infant formulas adapted to the degree of maturation of the digestive system, which provide the baby with the nutrients necessary for its development.
Breastfeeding is the most natural way to feed your baby and has many benefits for both the baby and the mother:
- It incorporates all the nutrients that the baby needs.
- It favors the affective and emotional development between mother and child.
- It is digested better.
- It is always at the right temperature.
- It does not require any type of preparation.
- It does not involve any financial expense.
- Protects against infectious diseases.
- Reduces the risk of allergies.
- It favors a correct mandibular development of the child.
- Decreases postpartum hemorrhage.
- Decreases the incidence of postpartum depression.
- Facilitates the recovery of the mother's weight.
Breastfeeding must be started as soon as possible, in the delivery room or during the first hour of life. It is recommended to breastfeed on demand, whenever you demand it. A newborn does not have a schedule, but little by little he will get into the habit of time.
To facilitate this adaptation, it is recommended that the child spend as much time as possible with the mother, starting with the stay at the clinic.
There are very quiet children who sleep soundly and do not ask to eat. In these cases, it is recommended wake them up every 3-4 hours to offer the breast. In general, the duration of feedings is variable and is determined by the response of the newborn and not by the clock.
At first, you may need more time on each breast, and then a shorter period will suffice. Don't forget that every child is different.
Maternal malnutrition can put the beneficial components of milk at risk. Therefore, you must eat in a balanced way, drinking a minimum of 2 liters of liquid a day.
The composition of breast milk is different for each woman, It varies during the intake, the time of day and according to your diet.
Infant milk is what are made from modified cow's milk to resemble breast milk as closely as possible. They are the alternative for those mothers who cannot feed their children with breast milk.
To choose the best infant milk for your baby, the first thing to do is analyze its composition and choose the one that best reproduces that of breast milk and incorporates the essential nutritional elements for growth.
There are 3 groups of infant milk:
- Starting milks: From birth to 6 months.
- Follow-up milks: From 6 months to 12 months.
- Growth milks: From 12 months to 2-3 years.
As in breastfeeding, feeding infant milk must be on demand. Although the amounts are usually indicated on the label of each milk:
1st and 2nd week
3rd and 4th week
4th and 5th month
6th month onwards
You can read more articles similar to Feeding for babies from 0 to 3 months, in the Babies category on site.